A handy Morse Code chart

This is a handy chart that you can print out and keep on hand for practicing Morse Code.

The best way to use it is by using the voice code method.

Instead of thinking of Morse Code as dots and dashes, it is best to think of it as the sounds you hear on the radio, which is dits and dahs.

The way that you use this chart is to start in the middle as shown, and then move out, either right or left.

If you start on the left, the first dah is “T”, Dah Dah is “M”, Dah Dah Dah is “O”.

If you go down a branch Dah Dit is “N”, Dah Dit Dit is “D”, Dah Dit Dit Dit is “B”.

It is the same on the left side, except that the Dit is emphasised.

So Dit is “E”, Dit Dit is “I”, Dit Dit Dit is “S”, and Dit Dit Dit Dit is “H”.

If you go down a branch Dit Dah is “A”, Dit Dah Dah is “W”, and Dit Dah Dah Dah is “J”.

Morse code letters will have between one to four characters.

The key thing to remember is that “A” is not Dit Dah. Dit Dah is “A”.

The sound signifies the letter, the letter does not signify the sound.

If you learn to respond to the sound by automatically writing down the letter you will be able to master Morse Code.

If you try to associate the letter with the sound you will add an unneeded interpretation step into the process which will prevent you from sending and copying code fast and accurately.

The best way to practice the code is to use this chart where you go through the combination of letters by saying the Dits and Dahs of the code.

Do not fall into the trap of saying to yourself “A” equals Dit Dah.


Dit Dah is “A” and so on.

The next step is to say the code every time you see words.

Billboards, License Plates, Headlines, labels on Jars. Turn them into Morse Code practice.

Have the chart with you in order to check if you need to.

Then Practice, Practice, Practice.

Do this before you start to listen to Morse Code on the radio. That is an entirely different learning environment.


About VE3FMQ

Have been a licensed Canadian Amateur Radio operator for 50 years and have have Advanced and CW endorsement. I can cover all bands from 160 Meters to 70 cm. My favorite modes are FT8 and FS8Call.
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